St. Philip's Normal and Industrial School. Records

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St. Philip's Normal and Industrial School. Records


  • 1921-1937 (Creation)


.15 cu. ft. (1 box partial)


St. Philip’s Normal and Industrial School was founded in1898 by the Rt. Rev. James Steptoe Johnson, Bishop of West Texas, and was headed by Artemesia Bowden as its dean from 1902-1954. Bowden was a tireless fund raiser and administrator in keeping St. Philip’s doors open to African American youth. St. Philip’s was never administered by ACI, though appropriations were made to it from 1918 to 1931. It was incorporated into the San Antonio Independent School District in 1942 and became a municipal junior college, St. Philip’s Junior College, in 1946.

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Scope and content

The ACI series relating to St. Philip’s School is primarily the ACI director’s correspondence (1921-1937), which details the reasons that St. Philip’s was never made an official ACI school. St. Philip’s publications providing historical background include a brochure (c.1920s) and Opportunity (1923-1924, 1929). Documents relating to ACI’s financial appropriations to the school (1921, 1923, 1931, n.d.), correspondence of the Bishop of West Texas (1921-1922), and a report of an evaluative visit to the school (1926) complete this set of records.


This material constitutes file series 19 of the ACI archive.

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Access to Episcopal Church records is governed by the Archives Public Access Policy. Research requests must be submitted in writing.

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The Archives is able to respond to limited requests for reproductions subject to copyright restrictions, internal policy, and the condition of the source documents.

Languages of the material

  • English

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